the scope of the comenius project, I have been sought to choose one work of art
which, in my opinion, represents France the best. I didn't have to rack my brain
very long. Actually, there is a poem which I immediately thought of. As far as
this poem is concerned, I can say it is entitled « soleil couchant » and it
was written by Victor Hugo.
Victor Hugo is one of the most famous French writers, who was born in 1802 and died in 1885. He wrote his first text at the age of fourteen, which he entitled: « je veux être Chateaubriand ou rien ». Three years later, he and Abel, who was his brother, founded their first magazine which they called : « le conservateur littéraire » (it is about the equivalent of: the literary conservative ). Then he got married to Adèle who was one of his childhood friends. They both had four children : Léopoldine, Charles, François- Victor, and Adèle.
Hugo is known for being one of the best romantic, dramatic, lyric (for instance
« feuilles d'automne », « les rayons et les ombres » and other many
collections of poems. ..),historic (with the very famous « Notre-Dame-De- Paris
») writer. He also wrote some essays such as “le dernier jour d'un condamné.”
in which he clearly fights against death penalty.
are the reasons why Victor Hugo is indisputably one of the most complete writers
who has ever existed.
far as the poem l have chosen is concerned, I can say that not only is it
composed of four stanzas, but also of lines and rhymes. Victor Hugo aims at
glorifying nature and making us realize how beautiful the world in which we live
is in spite of its negative points. Actually, what prevails in this text is the
beauty of things we are used to seeing every day and which we don't really care
The three first stanzas deal with on the one hand, the continuity of the climate and on the other hand, the time which elapses and does not affect landscapes which have become more and more beautiful each day since they were created. In this respect, he uses metaphores, images and many other stylistic devices. He names the sun, the seas, the rivers, the valleys, the forests, the mountains. ..
the last stanza, he draws a parallel between time that passes by to the world
and his life. Unlike the world on which time has a positive action, years have
affected his appearance and he feels his heart is getting old.
o conclude, I am going to tell you why this poem attracted me to this exten~. As
a mat ter of fact, I really love the parallel he draws aJld the confidence he
has in us. Actually, by writing this poem, he confesses aIl his fears, on
account of his age, he feels death getting closer. That is precisely what
touched me most. These are the reasons why, in my opinion, « soleil couchant »
by Victor Hugo has the right to be announced as a good representation of French
Le soleil s' est couché ce
soir dans les nuées.
Demain viendra l' orage, et le soir, et la nuit ;
Puis l' aube, et ses clartés de vapeurs obstruées ;
Puis les nuits, puis les jours, pas du temps qui s' enfuit !
Tout ces jours passeront; ils
passeront en foule
Sur la face des mers, sur la face des monts,
Sur les fleuves d' argent,
sur les forêts où roule
Comme un hymne confus des morts que nous aimons.
Et la face des eaux, et le
front des montagnes,
Ridés et non vieillis, et les bois toujours verts
S'iront rajeunissant; le fleuve des campagnes
Prendra sans cesse aux monts le flot qu'il donne aux mers.
Mais moi, sous chaque jour
courbant plus bas ma tête,
Je passe, et, refroidi sous ce soleil joyeux,
Je m' en irai bientôt, au milieu de la fête,
Sans que rien ne manque au monde, immense et radieux !